Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia and affects a large population in the world, and the disease gradually declines with time. There are several notable causes for this disease such as plaque buildup, damage to nerve cell connections and death of nerve cells. It is also believed that genetics are a factor for the development of Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease is categorized into two types based on when the symptoms begin to appear, as early onset and late onset Alzheimer’s. Both of these types are believed to contain a genetic affiliation. A permanent change known as a genetic mutation is the cause of early onset familial Alzheimer’s disease, and poses a higher risk of becoming hereditary compared to late onset Alzheimer’s. When an individual inherits this genetic mutation, it is highly likely that the individual will also suffer from the disease.
If you have a family member who is experiencing memory loss or a form of Alzheimer’s, understanding that each case can be different, or that even similar cases can affect different individuals in different ways, can help your family address the situation compassionately and ultimately make informed long-term care decisions.
These two inheritance patterns are quite different from each other and are associated with different kinds of inheritance. Among those who inherit Alzheimer’s disease, the most commoninheritance pattern is the complex (multi gene) pattern. It is a rare case for an individual who inherits Alzheimer’s to have a simple (single gene) inheritance pattern. This means that there is no predictable nature to the disease, and the disease may skip a generation, appear suddenly out of nowhere or do not pass on at all.
These can be further divided into two types known as risk genes and deterministic genes. None of the risk genes directly cause Alzheimer’s disease, however, they slightly increase or decrease the chance of developing the disease by interacting with various other factors such as age and behavior patterns.
If this type of gene is inherited, the person will develop Alzheimer’s disease. Amyloid precursor protein (APP), presenilin-1 (PS-1) and presenilin-2 (PS-2) are three gene coding proteins that cause the disease. Familial Alzheimer’s disease is caused by this type of deterministic genes. This form of Alzheimer’s disease also goes by the name of autosomal dominant Alzheimer’s disease. The exception in this case is that the symptoms usually begin to appear around the age of forty to fifty years of age. This means that if you have a relative who developed Alzheimer’s disease in their 40s or 50s, there is a high likelihood that you may also be affected from the disease. However, there are only a few hundred families in the entire world that have been identified with the deterministic gene variant. If your relatives develop the disease at a much older age, this does not necessarily mean that you will inherit it but you are still at a risk of developing the disease just like the general population. It just means that you do not have the disease hereditary. It is always possible to reduce the risks by following proper lifestyle patterns.
Memory loss can be an overwhelming issue for families to address. Being aware of the different forms of memory loss can be helpful in understanding how to help your family member’s particular memory loss condition. The care approach your family chooses will likely be determined based on conversations with their primary care physician and/or neurologist, whether they’re experiencing mild cognitive impairment, early onset Alzheimer’s, or late onset Alzheimer’s, and their individual reaction to their memory loss. In some cases, it may be determined that an assisted living community with a memory care program is either the best immediate care option, or will be a necessary long term care option in the future.
If you’re beginning to explore memory care options in the Ventura County area, please consider visiting Ventura Townehouse for a tour of our senior living community, or contact us for more information about our memory care program.
My grandmother lives at the Ventura Townehouse and I feel confident that she is in good hands. They get her to her appointments and provide any aftercare that she may need. Everyone there is friendly and like family. I feel like I’m at home when I go there to visit her and eat with her in the dining room.
Recently, I visited my Mom from Chicago. Each day I offered to take us out and about in Ventura. We found ourselves having such an enjoyable time at the Townehouse we didn’t leave. The dining room was so lovey to enjoy with her friends. Patios welcoming and the activities kept us busy. We laughed and had fun all day! Thank you everyone for making me feel at home and making my visit special. It’s always hard to leave my mom. But not as hard when I know she is so happy! Until my next visit!
Staff is very helpful and always concerned about my Mother’s needs, the interior and grounds maintenance is exceptional. Dining provides healthy menus to choose from. Front desk staff is always friendly and helpful. Best decision we ever made was bringing my mom here.